What are the unknown facts about rats?
So What are the unknown facts about rats?
It is unknown to many people that the only wild rat in North America is the black rat, called Rattus rattus. All other “rats” found across America are actually members of the Norway rat family, which were originally pets who either escaped or were released.
Wild rats can swim underwater for up to three minutes! They’re also excellent jumpers (up to seven feet) and climbers (they can scale brick walls). They breed extremely quickly; one female with an adequate supply of food can produce 1,500 offspring in a year! With no natural predators, their numbers are rising quickly. Rats contaminate about 10% of our food supply every year, causing vomiting and diarrhea while also transferring diseases like salmonella and bubonic plague.
What are the unknown facts about rats in the UK?
What are the unknown facts about rats? Rats are found in all areas of the UK. If you have a roof, then there may well be rats living up at it. Rats are good climbers and can scale even sheer brick walls with no problems. You also don’t need to have holes in your building for them to enter – they can climb right over window ledges etc!
Rats in the UK were introduced by the Romans and have since spread to every corner of the country. The brown rat is now one of our most abundant mammals, with an estimated 80 million living in Britain. In fact, it’s thought that there are more rats than people living in London. Although this may sound scary, they do actually provide us with a number of benefits through their control of populations of insects and small animals.
Brown rats live a long time (up to two years), which means they can be resistant to poison. But it doesn’t mean we should tolerate them – if you see a rat or signs of a problem, call us for a fast effective rat removal service .
They used to be quite small but now they can grow up to 22 inches long including their tail which is about another 7 inches! It might not look huge when you see one by itself but if you put two rats together, you can really tell how big they are.
Rats are the perfect size for getting into small spaces, but still have quite a large home range. During the day they usually stay within their burrow or territory and emerge at night to feed. They may live in groups or as loners – rats are very social creatures with particular bonds formed between mothers and their offspring. Males also form lasting friendships with other males, particularly if they’ve worked together to achieve dominance within the group.
What’s so good about rats?
From an ecological point of view, brown rats perform a really important role in controlling various species that humans don’t want around (such as mice). From our point of view it’s certainly not good news when any unwanted rodents move into your property. Rats carry many diseases which can be transmitted through their urine, droppings and bites. These include Weil’s Disease (Lymphocytic choriomeningitis), salmonella, rat-bite fever, cryptosporidium and leptospirosis.
As if that wasn’t enough, rats are really good at causing damage to your home too – they chew on wires in walls so you might find there’s a fire risk or your electrics don’t work properly anymore! They’ll gnaw on woodwork for nesting material and to wear down their ever-growing teeth.
Do rats have an odor?
Rats have a very distinctive musky smell that’s hard to get rid of even when they’re gone. The best way to call a professional pest control company is to get rid of rats.
Even if you have no problem with the smell, it’s just not nice knowing they’re around. Rats do spread diseases and cause thousands of pounds worth of damage to properties every year – that’s why we recommend you don’t try to tackle rat infestations on your own.
One last word about rodents’ teeth. They grow continuously throughout their lives so they need something hard (like your house walls) to keep them filed down or they’ll suffer from extreme pain! You’ll find evidence of gnawing if you look carefully for scratches in paintwork or wood…and maybe even holes in plasterboard! The tell-tale droppings are another giveaway – dark,cylindrical and around five millimeters long. You’ll find these near the gnawing marks too.
Rats’ droppings are cylindrical rather than rounder like mice dropping, about 5 mm in length,and they’re dark brown color
If you see signs of rat infestation or need your rodent problem solved – don’t waste your time looking inside your shed. If you know where to look, it’s easy enough to find them…but how do they get inside? It can be anywhere they can exploit a gap so most commonly they come through small holes in the wall (like drainpipes), gaps around pipes under the sink or floorboards, pointing on sheds and garages or even gaps behind window frames.
If you have an outside shed…it would seem pretty obvious where rats are getting in but it can be trickier to find the entrance which is their access point, so that’s why we recommend that if you want to take action against them then call a pest controller who knows how best to locate the gaps rats are using for entry/exit.
What should I do if I see rat evidence?
It’s important not to try and tackle the problem yourself because firstly, it’s very complicated – there may be more than one way for rats to get inside your property (they could crawl through small holes or chew bigger gaps). Secondly, even if you block up every gap they could use, they may still return once you’ve gone. And thirdly, if you don’t know what you’re doing, you could make the problem worse by making your home less safe for humans!
If your house is infested with vermin or you’ve seen signs of rat activity such as gnawing and droppings (and especially if there’s a bad smell) it is sensible to call in professional pest controllers because they’ll be able to work out how many rats there are and whether they’re inside or outside your property. Once this has been established, they can determine which methods would be most appropriate and humane to solve the problem. We’d strongly advise against trying to do it yourself because we can guarantee that whatever solution you come up with won’t be as effective as what a professional can offer.
If you’re not sure whether you’ve got rats or mice, please see the article with images and instructions at:
Rat identification is very important because depending on what type of rodent it is, the treatment process is different and in some cases may cost more money or cause distress to your family. If you think this might be a rat issue but aren’t completely sure, we’d recommend checking out our helpful guide and pictures here: Rat identification – how do I know if I’ve got rats? What are the unknown facts about rats?
If you have a pest problem in your house, contact us today for free advice and immediate assistance from a local expert. We are here to help!