UK spiders

18 Common House Spiders Found in the UK

UK Spiders. There are many different types of spiders found in the UK, but only a select few are considered common house spiders. These spiders tend to prefer living indoors where they can benefit from the shelter and protection offered by human habitation. Here are some of the most common house spiders found in the UK:

  1. False widow spider – Steatoda nobilis

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The false widow spider is perhaps the most well-known UK house spider. This spider is easily identified by its characteristic black and red markings. The false widow spider is venomous and can deliver a painful bite, but it is not considered to be particularly dangerous.

  1. The Daddy Long Legs spider – Pholcus phalangioides

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Daddy long legs spiders are so-named because of their extremely long legs, which can often be twice the length of their body. The Daddy long legs spiders are harmless and will not bite humans unless provoked.

  1. The Cellar spider 

Cellar spiders are also known as daddy longlegs spiders, but they are a separate species from the daddy longlegs spiders mentioned above. The Cellar spiders are typically found in dark, damp places such as cellars and basements. They are harmless to humans.

  1. The House spider – Tegenaria domestica

UK house spiders are also known as barn spiders. These spiders are typically found in areas that offer shelter such as barns, outhouses and sheds. UK house spiders are not considered to be dangerous to humans.

  1. Zebra spider – The zebra jumping spider- Salticus scenicus

Zebra spiders are named for their characteristic black and white stripes. These spiders are common in UK gardens and can be difficult to spot because they are very quick and agile. Zebra spiders are harmless to humans.

  1. Garden spider – Araneus diadematus

Garden spiders are the UK’s largest native species of spider. They are easily recognised by their large, round webs which are often found in garden hedges and bushes. Garden spiders are harmless to humans.

  1. Orb weaver spider – Araneus ventricosus

Orb weaver spiders get their name from the distinctive spiral-shaped webs they build to catch their prey. These spiders are common in UK gardens and can be identified by their reddish-brown colouring. Orb weaver spiders are harmless to humans.

  1. Jumping spider – Salticus scenicus

Jumping spiders are so named because of their characteristic ability to jump long distances in order to catch their prey. These spiders are common in UK gardens and can be easily identified by their black and white markings . Jumping spiders are harmless to humans.

  1. Money spider – Linyphiidae

Money spiders are so named because of the superstition that they bring good luck. These small spiders are common in UK gardens and can be identified by their shiny, black bodies. Money spiders are harmless to humans.

  1. Tube web spider – Segestria florentina -is the biggest European segestriidae spider

Tube web spiders are easily recognised by their long, cylindrical webs which they use to trap their prey. These spiders are common in UK gardens and can be identified by their brownish-black colouring. Tube web spiders are venomous and can deliver a painful bite.

  1. Crab spider – Thomisus onustus

Crab spiders get their name from their characteristic crab-like appearance. These spiders are common in UK gardens and can be identified by their orange and black markings. Crab spiders are harmless to humans.

  1. Wolf spider – Lycosa tarantula

Wolf spiders are the UK’s largest native species of spider. They can be easily recognised by their large, hairy bodies and long legs. Wolf spiders are venomous and can deliver a painful bite.

13.The Mouse Spider  – Missulena occatoria

Mouse spiders are so named because of their mouse-like appearance. These spiders are common in UK gardens and can be identified by their brown colouring and large eyes. Mouse spiders are venomous and can deliver a painful bite.

 

  1. The Cupboard Spider  – Steatoda grossa

Cupboard spiders are so named because they often make their homes in the cupboards of UK homes. These spiders are common in UK homes and can be identified by their reddish-brown colouring and hourglass-shaped markings. Cupboard spiders are not considered to be dangerous to humans.

15.The Cardinal Spider   – Misumena vatia

Cardinal spiders are so named because of their characteristic red and black markings. These spiders are common in UK gardens and can be identified by their size (they can grow up to 5 cm long). Cardinal spiders are not considered to be dangerous to humans.

16.The Sac spider  

Sac spiders are so named because they often make their homes in the sacs of UK homes. These spiders are common in UK homes and can be identified by their green colouring and two large, forward-pointing fangs. Sac spiders are venomous and can deliver a painful bite.

17.The European Garden Spider   – Araneus diadematus

European garden spiders are so named because they are commonly found in UK gardens. These spiders can be identified by their orange and black markings. European garden spiders are harmless to humans.

18.The Giant House Spider  – Tegenaria domestica

Giant house spiders are the UK’s largest species of spider. These spiders can be identified by their large size (they can grow up to 12 cm long) and brown colouring. Giant house spiders are harmless to humans.

 

How do you get rid of spiders? UK Spiders

 

There are a number of ways to get rid of spiders, but the most effective methods are to use pesticides or to remove their webs.

Pesticides can be purchased from UK DIY stores and should be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

Webs can be removed by using a vacuum cleaner or by brushing them away with a broom. It is important to be careful when removing webs as some spiders may be hiding underneath.

What do spiders eat? UK Spiders

Spiders typically eat insects, although some species will also eat other small animals such as lizards and frogs. They catch their prey by spinning webs which act as traps. The spider then injects its prey with venom which paralyses it before eating it.

Are spiders dangerous in the UK ?

Most UK spiders are not considered to be dangerous to humans. However, some species, such as the sac spider and the wolf spider, can deliver a painful bite. It is important to be careful around spiders and to always follow the safety instructions provided by the manufacturer when using pesticides.

How long do spiders live?

Spiders typically have a lifespan of between one and three years. Some species, such as the sac spider, can live for up to six years. Female spiders tend to live longer than male spiders.

What do baby spiders look like?

Baby spiders look very different from adults and typically have a lot of hair on their bodies. They grow into adulthood by shedding their skin a number of times. Baby spiders are usually able to hunt and catch prey from a very early age.

What is the biggest spider in the UK?

The UK’s largest spider is the giant house spider. These spiders can grow up to 12 cm long and are harmless to humans. The smallest UK spider is the dwarf spider which can grow up to 2 mm long. Dwarf spiders are not considered to be dangerous to humans.

How many types of spiders are there in the UK?

There are more than 40 different species of spiders found in the UK. These include both venomous and non-venomous species. The most common UK spiders are the house spider, the cardinal spider, and the European garden spider.

Do spiders bite people?

Some UK spiders, such as the sac spider and the wolf spider, can deliver a painful bite. It is important to be careful around spiders and to always follow the safety instructions provided by the manufacturer when using pesticides.

What are spider eggs sacs?

Spider egg sacs are sacs that contain baby spiders. The eggs sac is typically attached to the web of the spider and contains between 50 and 1,000 eggs. Female spiders typically lay their eggs in the autumn and the eggs will hatch a few weeks later.

How do spiders make webs?

Spiders make webs by spinning silk from their mouths. The silk is a sticky substance which traps insects that come into contact with it. Webs are used by spiders to catch prey as well as for shelter and protection.

Do all UK spiders spin webs?

No, not all UK spiders spin webs. The house spider, the cardinal spider, and the European garden spider are all web-spinning spiders. Other UK spiders, such as the false widow spider, do not spin webs.

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