Pigeon Lifespan: How long do pigeons live?

Pigeon Lifespan: How long do pigeons live?

Pigeons are known for their long lifespans and can live up to 20 years in the wild. While captive pigeons may live shorter life spans due to poor living conditions, the average lifespan for a healthy, wild pigeon is about 8 to 10 years.

 Pigeon Lifespan: How long do pigeons live
Pigeon Lifespan: How long do pigeons live

Factors That Affect How Long do Pigeons Live


There are several factors that can affect the lifespan of a pigeon, including diet, environment, and genetic predisposition.


Diet: Eating a nutritious diet is essential for a pigeon to live a long life. Pigeons need a balanced diet of seeds, grains, and greens to remain healthy and strong.


Environment: Pigeons are naturally adapted to live in open areas, such as fields, parks, and rooftops. Living in a confined space or in a stressful environment can lead to decreased lifespan.


Genetics: Genetics also play a role in the lifespan of a pigeon. Some breeds of pigeons, such as Racing Homers, are known for their long lifespans.


Average Lifespan of Pigeons 


The average lifespan of a healthy, wild pigeon is 8 to 10 years. Captive pigeons may live shorter life spans due to poor living conditions.


Why Do Pigeons Have Such a Long Lifespan? 


Pigeons have evolved over time to be well adapted to their environment. This includes having a strong immune system, being able to find food sources, and having a flight response that helps them avoid predators. 


These adaptations have helped them to survive and live long lives. Additionally, wild pigeons have access to a variety of food sources, which helps to ensure their longevity.


How long does the average feral pigeon live?


The average lifespan of a feral pigeon is around 5 to 7 years. Feral pigeons live shorter lifespans than their captive counterparts due to their exposure to the elements and potential predators. Additionally, feral pigeons may have limited access to food sources and may not be able to find a safe place to nest.



Feral pigeons have adapted to living in human environments and have become quite common in urban areas. They are able to find food sources, such as grains and seeds, in parks, public spaces, and even in garbage cans. Despite the challenges of urban living, feral pigeons have been able to survive and thrive.



Despite their adaptation to urban living, feral pigeons are still vulnerable to predation. Hawks, cats, and other predators can easily take down an unsuspecting pigeon. Additionally, feral pigeons are often exposed to extreme weather conditions and may not have access to adequate shelter. These factors, combined with limited food sources, can reduce the average lifespan of a feral pigeon.


The average lifespan of a feral pigeon is 8 to 10 years. This is slightly shorter than the lifespan of a healthy, wild pigeon, which is typically around 10 to 12 years. Feral pigeons may not have access to the same variety of food sources as wild pigeons, which can decrease their lifespan.


The Pigeon Life Cycle

The life cycle of a pigeon typically starts with the breeding season, which usually occurs in the spring and lasts from two to four months. During this time, the pair will build a nest and the female will lay two eggs. The eggs will hatch after 18 to 20 days, and the baby pigeons will remain in the nest for the next three to four weeks. During this time, the parents will feed them a diet of seeds, grains, and greens.


Once the baby pigeons are ready to leave the nest, they will start to explore the area and build their own nests. They will reach sexual maturity at the age of one year, and they can then start breeding and creating their own flock. 



The average lifespan of a pigeon is 8 to 10 years, although some can live up to 20 years. Pigeons typically die of old age, predation, or disease.


How often do pigeons breed?

Pigeons typically breed once a year during the spring and summer months. During the nesting season, they typically lay two eggs that take about 18 days to hatch. After hatching, the chicks will remain in the nest for up to 28 days before they are ready to fly.

What diseases do pigeons carry?

Pigeons are known to carry a variety of diseases, including Salmonella, E. coli, and cryptococcosis. They can also spread diseases such as histoplasmosis and meningitis. Additionally, pigeons can carry parasites such as bird mites and fleas, which can cause irritation, bites and itching.


What causes bird mite infestation?

Bird mite infestations are typically caused by birds nesting in or around the home. This can include pigeons, sparrows, and starlings. Bird mites feed on the blood of birds, but can also bite humans and other animals if no birds are present. To prevent bird mite infestations, it is important to remove any bird nests from the home or yard. Regularly cleaning and vacuuming the area can also help.

Bird Mites 

Bird mites are tiny insects that feed on the blood of pigeons and other birds. They can cause irritation, itching, and inflammation. It is important to treat infestations of pigeon mites as soon as possible to avoid more serious health issues.

Dust mite bites vs bird mites bites

Dust mite bites are generally painless and cause a small, itchy bump to appear on the skin. Bird mite bites, on the other hand, are often more painful and can cause swelling, redness, and intense itching. Bird mite bites can also cause infection and may require medical attention.


How do you get bird mites 


Pigeon mites can enter homes through open windows or ventilation systems. They can also be brought into homes on clothing or other items that have come in contact with wild birds or their nests. Pigeon mites bites can cause itching, redness, and inflammation. 


How To Get Rid of bird Mites?

To get rid of mites, you should vacuum your home thoroughly, wash any clothing or items that may have been in contact with the birds or their nests, and use insecticides to treat any infested areas.


Scientific Studies on Pigeon Behavior 


Scientific studies on pigeon behaviour in urban areas have revealed that pigeons are highly adaptable to their environment and can successfully inhabit urban areas. Studies have also shown that pigeons can learn behaviours that help them find food sources and avoid predators. Additionally, studies have found that pigeons are able to recognize individual humans and can even identify facial features.

Methods of Controlling Pigeon Populations

Some of the methods of controlling pigeon populations include using deterrents such as spikes, netting, and electric fencing. Additionally, trapping and relocating pigeons is often used to reduce the size of the population. 



Exclusion methods are used to prevent pigeons from accessing areas. This can include physical barriers like netting, spikes, and screens. Physical barriers such as netting, spikes, and electric wires can be installed to discourage pigeons from roosting in certain areas.



Repellents are substances that are used to deter pigeons from entering certain areas. This can include chemical repellents, sound repellents, and visual repellents.



 Trapping is a method of physically removing pigeons from an area. This can involve the use of cage traps, baited traps, and net traps.



Culling is a method of controlling pigeon populations by killing them. This is often used as a last resort in urban environments.



Natural Predators of Pigeons 

Pigeons have a number of natural predators, including cats, hawks, owls, falcons, and snakes. These predators hunt pigeons for food, or to protect their own nests. In urban areas, cats are the primary predator of pigeons.


Common Behaviours of Pigeons 

Pigeons are social birds and typically live in groups or flocks. They have a variety of common behaviours, such as preening, flocking, and cooing. Pigeons also use body language to communicate, such as nodding their heads and flapping their wings. Additionally, pigeons will often bob their heads when excited or looking for food.


Pigeons are known for their navigational abilities, and they can find their way home from long distances. They use the sun to orient themselves and can detect changes in airflow and pressure to help them navigate. Pigeons will also use landmarks, such as roads and rivers, to help them find their way.


Pigeons are also known for their vocalisations. They have a variety of different calls, including chirps, coos, and croons. They use these calls to communicate with each other and signal danger.


In addition to communication, pigeons also engage in courtship rituals. Male pigeons will puff up their feathers and dance to attract a mate. They will also perform aerial displays to demonstrate their agility. Female pigeons will typically choose a mate based on his aerial display.


The Environmental Effects of Pigeon Overpopulation 

Pigeon overpopulation in urban areas can have a negative impact on the environment. Increased numbers of pigeons can result in an increase in bird droppings, which can transmit diseases, attract vermin, and create a mess. Additionally, overpopulation can lead to a decrease in the number of native bird species, as well as a loss of food sources for other animals.


Pigeon overpopulation can have numerous negative effects on the environment. It can cause an increase in air and noise pollution, as well as contribute to the spread of diseases. Overpopulation can also lead to an increase in droppings, which can lead to water contamination and soil erosion. Additionally, the presence of large numbers of pigeons can displace native bird species, leading to a decrease in biodiversity.

The Impact of Pigeons on Human Health and Wellbeing

Pigeons can have both positive and negative impacts on human health and wellbeing. On the positive side, pigeons can help to control pests, provide a source of food, and even help to reduce air pollution. On the negative side, pigeons can spread diseases, cause mess and noise, and damage crops.

Pigeon Pest Control, 

In order to control the population of pigeons in an area, it is important to use a combination of netting, spikes, and other deterrents. Netting is an effective way to keep pigeons away from buildings and other areas. Spikes can be placed on ledges and other surfaces to discourage pigeons from roosting or nesting in these locations. Other deterrents such as scarecrows, noise and light machines, and decoys can also be used to keep pigeons away. Professional pest control may be necessary to properly and safely get rid of large populations of pigeons.

Pest advice for controlling Pigeons from BPCA

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