Rats In Garden? How to Keep Rats Away From Your Home and Garden

Rat in garden? Rats are a common pest in the garden. They can cause a lot of damage to your plants and vegetables, and they can also spread diseases.

There are many ways to get rid of rats from your garden. You could try poison, traps or even just chasing them away with loud noises. Rats are attracted to dark places, so you can place bright lights around the perimeter of your property to keep them away.

Perhaps you have had rats before, or perhaps you live in an area where you know rats can be an issue. Whichever is true, you might be wondering how you can deter them from coming into your home and garden, or what to do if they venture into your domain. 

This article will discuss some of the ways you can keep them out, and some of the ways you can get rid of them if you do happen to end up with an infestation. 

Should I be worried about a rat in my garden?

The answer to this question is not as straightforward as it seems. Rats are not a problem in and of themselves, but they can be a problem if they are carrying diseases or parasites.

Rats are omnivores, which means that they will eat anything that is edible. They will eat plants, insects, and other animals. They also have a tendency to chew on things like wood and plastic which can cause damage to your property.

Rats are also known carriers of disease and parasites such as leptospirosis, rat bite fever, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), bubonic plague, salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (SES), toxoplasmosis gondii (Toxo), murine typhus fever ( MuT), and rat hepatitis.

How To Get Rid of Rats in The Garden

Rats are a common pest in gardens. They can cause a lot of damage to your plants and vegetables. Rats are also carriers of diseases that can be harmful to humans.

There are many ways to get rid of rats in the garden, but the most effective way is by using an experienced pest controller. Ensure that you get the services of a professional before resorting to any other methods.Deterring rats from entering your garden is often difficult, and the only sure way to ensure they do not come back is by using rat exterminator.

The Problem with Rats, Rat Nests in the Garden

Rat nests in garden
Rat nests in garden

Wild rats are generally nocturnal and avoid noise, so you won’t often spot them during the day. There are occasions when rats will be active in the early morning time, so this is something to be mindful of if you do get to the point where rat baiting becomes a reality.

If they don’t cause much disturbance, why is there such a fuss about rats? 

Well, two main reasons. 

The first is that they can destroy the food you are growing, as they are scavengers and will take advantage of any free buffet they can get their paws on. 

The second is that they can carry pathogens, which can be toxic and cause disease in humans. Diseases are caused by rats including Leptospirosis (also known as Weil’s disease), Salmonella, Rat Bite Fever, and the plague.

Symptoms of these include:

Leptospirosis

Causes headaches, vomiting, muscle aches, rash, and fever. It is generally recoverable but can be fatal to those with weakened immune systems. 

Salmonella

Primarily causes an upset tummy and vomiting, salmonella generally lasts a few days, but in severe cases can have complications caused by the virus spreading through the body.

Rat Bite Fever

This is rarer than the first two diseases, as it’s only caught when a rat scratches or bites a person and rat urine or faecal matter is transmitted to the wound. It has similar symptoms to Leptospirosis and can cause swollen lymph nodes in addition.

The Plague

It is widely thought that the black death was caused by rats. In actual fact, it was the fleas transported by the rats that caused the pandemic. However, there is still a risk. With modern medical advancements, the plague is actually treatable with antibiotics, but it causes swelling of lymph nodes, vomiting, and fever.

In addition, rats breed extremely quickly, and if you’re wondering how long do rats live, well, a live rat can live two years. 

During those two years, they can produce an awful lot of rat babies! So, an infestation can quickly get out of control, and when that happens, it can also cause damage to property and electrical chemicals.  

With this in mind, we do not want them in our homes and gardens.

Is it normal for rats to be in the garden?

It is not normal for rats to be in the garden. Rats are usually found in sewers, basements, and other dark places. They are not usually found in gardens because they are afraid of the light. The most likely reason for rats being in your garden is that there is a hole somewhere near your house that leads to a rat nest,sewer or basement. 

What do you do if you have rats in your garden?

If you have rats in your garden and want to get rid of them, there are many ways that can be used. You can use traps or poison bait to kill them.

However, the safest way to get rid of the rats is to make your garden less inviting for them. This can include removing any trash or leftover food that might be attracting them. It also includes sealing all the rat entry points into your home, such as openings in the walls and floors. Finally, it includes making sure all your trash is taken out regularly to prevent rat-friendly food from accumulating.

How To Get Rid of Rats in The Garden

Rats are a common pest in gardens. They can cause a lot of damage to your plants and vegetables. Rats are also carriers of diseases that can be harmful to humans.

There are many ways to get rid of rats in the garden, but the most effective way is by using an experienced pest controller. Ensure that you get the services of a professional before resorting to any other methods.Deterring rats from entering your garden is often difficult, and the only sure way to ensure they do not come back is by using rat exterminator.

How Can I Deter Rats Entering My Home & Garden?

Rats In Garden
Rats In Garden

Ideally, deterring rats from landing on your property is better than having to deal with an infestation. 

There are a few things you can do to help you deter them from coming close at all. 

Get A Cat

It sounds obvious, but rats and mice will avoid places where cats are residents, and if they do venture into your property, often your cat will catch them before they have a chance to multiply.

Not everyone wants the commitment of a cat, but if you are a fan, they come with the added benefit of helping keep your home pest-free.

Ultrasonic Devices 

Ultrasonic devices are plug-in machines that emit a high-frequency sound inaudible to the human ear, but it can be heard by a range of animals. 

They are thought to deter mice, rats, cockroaches, and other pests from entering your home. They are cheap to run and are proven to work for some pests, but testing is still in progress for others. 

The downside of them is that they could potentially cause distress to your other pets, so it isn’t sensible to use them if you have cats, dogs, or rodents that live in your home. 

Prevention – 

Spend some time in your home making it as difficult as possible for rats to enter. 

This means finding and sealing up any gaps a rodent could squeeze through. They need very little space, so if you see a gap, don’t assume it’s too small to matter – just fill it. 

In addition to this, remove all possible food sources. If you have pets, try and just feed them at mealtimes rather than leaving food down all day for them. 

Ensure you also clean your floors regularly, as any crumbs or food hiding in the corners of your kitchen floor could attract them into your home. 

Natural Repellents 

Rodents don’t like strong scents. Anything that smells strong like peppermint, black pepper, or cloves is a repellent. Place a generous amount of these around the foundations of your home or the outskirts of your garden border. This should help deter them from coming in. 

Attract Rat Predators

Rats have a lot of natural predators, owls, for example. If you work to make your garden a habitat that owls will love, then having these beautiful birds grace your garden at night is a wonderful deterrent for rats and mice. 

Nesting boxes suitable for owls are going to be the biggest contributing factor to creating a nice environment for them. 

Rat Nests In Garden? What Do I Do If I Get A Rat Infestation?

When the worst has happened and rats have entered your home or garden, then you need to take action quickly before they multiply. 

The problem is, by the time you catch a glimpse of a rat, it usually means that you already have a significant number of furry lodgers. 

Taking action at early signs of infestation (before a sighting) is much better if possible. Early signs include droppings, small scratches, holes in boxes, and noticing food moving or appearing in strange places.

An example would be if your dog has dry dog food, you may start to notice it either going down faster than normal, or small piles of it appearing in corners. 

Once you have identified an infestation, these are some steps you can take to try and get rid of the rats.

Traps, Rat Bait and Rat Baiting

Traps come in many kinds but are broken down into two main categories. Humane traps and traps designed to kill. You can use peanut butter its great rat bait for both humane and snap traps. Rat baiting also involves use of rodentocides.

Humane traps generally work very similarly, they entice the rodent into the trap using food, and from there, the weight of the rat causes the trap to trigger and close the door and locks them in a box; you can then set them free in the morning.

When it comes to kill traps, there are some that kill quickly such as snap traps, which are designed to snap down on the rat when it steps onto the trigger, killing them instantly. Then there are other traps such as glue traps which are considered very inhumane, as they trap the rats onto a surface and they die a painful death from dehydration; some will even chew off their own foot to try and escape. Many countries are now banning glue traps, so if you are thinking of a kill trap then a faster option is going to be better.

Regardless of which trap you choose for home use, you need to first think about rat bait. This is the food you place in the trap to attract the rat into it. Lots of people opt for cheese. Cheese is a good option because it has a strong smell, however, chocolate, bacon, and nuts are also great options for rat bait.

There are also another two kinds of kill traps. Electric ones electrocute the rat and kill it instantly. Poison traps provide rat bait that is toxic to them, and this will then kill the rat shortly afterwards. These kinds of traps are generally not available for use at home unless a professional pest control company is installing them. 

Dry Ice 

Using dry ice outside is an option to rid yourself of rats in your garden. It can kill them, but a lot of the time it will anaesthetise them, but when they wake up they are more likely to move on rather than experience it again.

Call In the Professionals

If you don’t want to deal with the problem yourself, or you have tried unsuccessfully, then the last option is to call a professional pest control company. You can expect rat baiting and removal in on the same day.

You can give them some general instructions if you prefer one kind of trap over another, but generally, they will come in and take care of your problem for you. 

This is going to be a more expensive option, but at least you know you are getting a thorough and professional job.

Summary

There are three phases of pest control when it comes to rats. The first is prevention, which is the preferred option, then there is deterring, and lastly removal. 

Try where possible to use phases one and two first. Do not leave it until you have an infestation to think about how you can ‘rat proof’ your home.

Read more about rat baiting and our rat control services here.

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